|Policy Consequences Of Racial Differences|
What do racial differences in intelligence and behaviour mean for policy making.
Keywords: racial differences; intelligence; behaviour; race; Blacks; Whites; policy; social impact
|ERIC ED307515: Induced Terminations of Pregnancy: Reporting States, 1985 and 1986. - ERIC|
This report on induced terminations of pregnancy is based on information reported to the National Center for Health Statistics by 13 states (Colorado, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, and Virginia) in 1985 and 1986. Findings are reported which show that: (1) there were 298,719 abortions reported by the 13 states in 1986; (2) the abortion rate of 347.2 abortions per 1,000 live births in 1986 decreased from the 1985 rate;...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Abortions; Age Differences; Educational Attainment; Marital Status; Pregnancy; Racial Differences; Rural Urban Differences
|ERIC ED300687: Strategies for Counseling Hispanics: Effects of Racial and Cultural Stereotypes. Revised Edition. - ERIC|
This manual, written for counselors and educators at all levels of education, focuses on multicultural awareness and educational equity. It is intended to acquaint the reader with the difficulty of counseling Hispanics due to manifestations of cultural and racial stereotypes. It stresses the need to change the counseling techniques that have proven ineffective and to try new approaches in dealing with Hispanics and with other racial and cultural minorities...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Client Characteristics (Human Services); Counseling Techniques; Cultural Differences; Hispanic Americans; Racial Differences; Stereotypes
|ERIC ED314187: Attributions about, and Instructions on How To Treat, Their Neonates as Determinants of Mothers' Interaction Behavior. - ERIC|
Two experiments explored the influence of neonate characteristics on maternal behavior. Experiment 1 investigated the influence of maternal attribution to the neonate of certain behavioral characteristics on maternal behavior in interaction. After videotaped mother-neonate pair interaction, neonates were removed for a nominal examination. Mothers were informed only that their neonates had been either alert or not alert in the exam...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attachment Behavior; Attribution Theory; Individual Characteristics; Infants; Mothers; Neonates; Parent Child Relationship; Racial Differences
|ERIC ED322422: Families of Adolescent Parents: Predictors of Developmental Outcomes. - ERIC|
This study examined ways in which contact with family members, in particular the teenage mother's own mother and partner, would be related to developmental outcomes in middle childhood in both black and white families. Also investigated were factors (mother's income, age, level of education, and home environment) that could affect these relationships. Data were obtained from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, and included a subset of female youth (N=338) who had been teenage mothers and ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adolescents; Child Development; Developmental Stages; Early Parenthood; Family Relationship; Mothers; Racial Differences; Young Children
|ERIC ED337362: Common Differences between Black and White Women. Changing the Ways We Think about and Teach Women's Experiences and the Humanities. Conference Bibliography. - ERIC|
The items contained in this bibliography were selected to give educators a new perspective for teaching about women's experiences, a perspective that takes into account the differences between the experiences of black and white women. The bibliography is divided into four sections. The non-fiction section features 100 books and research publications, 20 journal articles, and 4 special issues of journals...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Blacks; Books; Educational Resources; Females; Films; Humanities; Racial Differences; Racial Factors; Whites; Womens Studies
|ERIC ED315718: Perceived Mate Availability and Marital-Familial Values: A Cross-Cultural Analysis. - ERIC|
Traditionally the sex ratio has been the domain of demographers and social biologists. This study takes the societal phenomenon of sex ratio imbalance as context, but focuses on the social psychological impact of perceived mate availability. One-half the contents of the 1989 Southern California Social Survey was devoted to the issue of mate availability and its attitudinal and psychological correlates...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitudes; Blacks; Cross Cultural Studies; Females; Latin Americans; Marriage; Mate Selection; Perception; Racial Differences
|ERIC ED365922: [Family Research Council: 1993 Family Issues Survey Results.] - ERIC|
This document contains a variety of information sheets developed from a survey completed on behalf of the Family Research Council to explore the family attitudes of American adults (N=1,100). The top 10 findings from the 1993 Family Issues Survey are enumerated on a summary sheet. Following this summary, each of the top 10 findings is discussed individually on an "In Focus" sheet. "In Focus" sheets deal with these findings: (1) most Americans believe that the family is eroding, not merely changi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adults; Family Life; Family (Sociological Unit); Parent Role; Public Opinion; Racial Differences; Values
|ERIC ED372346: Multicultural Issues in Supervision. ERIC Digest. - ERIC|
This digest focuses on the need to consider multicultural issues in supervision of counselors and methods of multicultural supervision. A number of multicultural issues in supervision such as the myth of "sameness" is addressed. Models are described that advocate supervision as a method to assist multicultural counselor development. It is noted that several supervision techniques have been proposed to insure that the cultural dimension is addressed...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Counselors; Cultural Awareness; Cultural Pluralism; Ethnicity; Racial Differences; Supervision; Supervisors; Supervisory Methods
|ERIC ED358494: The Socio-Political Implications of John J. Gumperz' Interactional Analytic Approach. - ERIC|
John J. Gumperz' interactional analysis goes beyond traditional work in discourse analysis, conversation analysis, and ethnography and may, ultimately, lead to the development of new sociolinguistic theory regarding problematic interaction. The likelihood of the development of theory will be significantly impacted by Gumperz' ability to: (1) incorporate the impact of race on interactions; and (2) re-evaluate the significance of a speech community's way of speaking and the corresponding costs ass...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Blacks; Communication Research; Ethnography; Higher Education; Interaction; Interpersonal Communication; Racial Differences; Sociolinguistics
|ERIC ED343725: Incidence and Impact of Selected Infectious Diseases in Childhood. - ERIC|
This report provides estimates of the lifetime and annual incidence of certain infectious diseases of children in various demographic groups. Data on the social and health care impact of the diseases in terms of limited activity, days spent in bed, school days lost, contacts with physicians, hospitalizations, surgery, and use of medication are presented. The data are taken from the 1988 National Health Interview Survey on Child Health...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adolescents; Child Health; Children; Communicable Diseases; Incidence; National Surveys; Racial Differences; Sex Differences
|ERIC ED373689: "Your Son Is My Son"--Black African Management Principles: An Overseas Marketers Guide. - ERIC|
This paper notes that most Americans believe that Black African firms operate their businesses along European lines. Within America's business community, the study of Black Africa now enters its third decade of benign neglect. Reasons for Americans remaining blind to Black African business principles include ignorance of Africa's complex past, Africans' use of management styles outside the normal range of western commercial thought, and dislike of commercial ambiguity which is sometimes encourag...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrative Principles; Blacks; Business Administration; Cultural Differences; Foreign Countries; International Trade; Marketing; Racial Differences
|Why Racism Is Right - Harold A. Covington|
This is a short dissertation by America's leading white racial theorist, Harold Covington. It should be pointed out in advance that Mr Covington uses the word racism in a narrower sense than is used in the mass media and in society at large where it is a blanket term for white racial consciousness, bigotry, an assortment of (mostly unpleasant) beliefs and behaviours, etc. Although the author is concerned only with White Survival, this short radio lecture has a universal message - for all races...
Keywords: anti-racism; ethno-centricism; North West Migration; NWH88; race; racial differences; racism; White Survival
|Make The World Flat Race And Intelligence|
Make The World Flat Race And Intelligence
Keywords: Race; Intelligence; egalitarianism; equality; racism; psychology; heredity; political correctness; racial differences in intelligence
|Statistics on Diagnoses and Procedures for Blacks in U.S. Hospitals: Intramural Research Highlights, Hospital Cost and Utilization Project - Agency for Health Care Policy and Research|
Keywords: AFRICAN AMERICANS; HEALTH CARE; STATISTICAL DATA; MINORITY GROUPS; HOSPITALS; RACIAL DIFFERENCES
|The Average IQ Of Sub Saharan Africans - Richard Lynn; Gerhard Meisenberg|
Wicherts, Dolan, and van der Maas (2009) contend that the average IQ of sub-Saharan Africans is about 80. A critical evaluation of the studies presented by WDM shows that many of these are based on unrepresentative elite samples. We show that studies of 29 acceptably representative samples on tests other than the Progressive Matrices give a sub-Saharan Africa IQ of 69; studies of the most satisfactory representative samples on the Standard Progressive Matrices give an IQ of 66; studies of 23 acc...
Keywords: Intelligence; Race; Africans; Whites; Blacks; Asians; sub saharan; IQ; racial differences; average; statistics; IQ testing; genetics; environment; culture; samples; research; psychology; biology; anthropology; Negro; Caucasian; IQ Test; racial differences in intelligence; cognitive ability; psychometric; biological realism; bell curve
|ERIC ED312348: Retention Patterns in the Los Angeles Unified School District, 1983-84. Publication No. 456. - ERIC|
This report provides information on the number and percentage of students retained in grade during the 1983-84 school term in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Data were analyzed from reports filed by all principals and from the LAUSD Racial and Ethnic Survey, Fall 1983. Children's centers, adult schools, occupational centers, and development centers for the handicapped were not included...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Failure; Age Differences; Elementary Secondary Education; Grade Repetition; Racial Differences; School Statistics; Sex Differences; Urban Schools
|ERIC ED317913: Delivery of Rehabilitation Services to Blacks Who are Disabled. - ERIC|
Being black and disabled are characteristics which are frequently rejected by the larger society. When counselors and black disabled clients come together, they usually bring different life experiences because of physical abilities and race. There may be more similarities if both the client and counselor are disabled or both are of the same race. When counselors encounter clients who are different, they are confronted with obstacles which may be referred to as dispositional and situational varia...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Blacks; Client Characteristics (Human Services); Counseling Techniques; Counselor Attitudes; Delivery Systems; Disabilities; Racial Differences; Rehabilitation Counseling
|ERIC ED306545: Longitudinal Reading Parity Study 1979-1987. - ERIC|
A longitudinal study followed cohorts of students progressing through schools in the Cleveland Public School district and compared the reading comprehension scores of black and white students. Subjects, 12 cohorts ranging in size from 1400 to 2900 students, had reading comprehension test scores available for the first and last years of the study. Comparison of the test results indicated that: (1) the difference between the percentage of white students and the percentage of black students scoring...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cohort Analysis; Comparative Analysis; Elementary Secondary Education; Longitudinal Studies; Racial Differences; Reading Achievement; Reading Comprehension; Reading Research
|ERIC ED343078: Racial and Gender Differences in Timing and Factors Associated with Retirement. - ERIC|
Numerous studies have analyzed the determinants of early retirement or retirement on time among older men and women. However, not many studies of the determinants of retirement have analyzed racial and gender differences, both between and within groups. Using data from the 1968-1987 interview waves of the Panel Studies of Income Dynamics, this study analyzed the racial and gender differences in timing, and factors associated with the retirement of a sample of 528 older workers...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Blacks; Early Retirement; Family Financial Resources; Family Influence; Older Adults; Racial Differences; Research Design; Retirement; Sex Differences; Whites
|ERIC ED315483: The Frequency and Portrayal of Black Females in Fashion Advertisements. - ERIC|
Black females are infrequently represented in advertisements in leading fashion magazines and, when they are featured, their presentation may be designed to distance them from the product they advertise. All advertisements in the January and July issues of "Cosmopolitan,""Glamour," and "Vogue" magazines between 1986 and 1988 were examined for the following variables: (1) model's race; (2) cover model's race; (3) number of models; (4) type of product; and (5) view of the model...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Advertising; Asian Americans; Blacks; Females; Hispanic Americans; Models; Periodicals; Racial Differences; Self Concept; Social Science Research; Whites
|ERIC ED335177: School Completion 2000: Dropout Rates and Their Implications for Meeting the National Goal. ERIC Digest. - ERIC|
A goal adopted at the 1990 Education Summit in Charlottesville, Virginia, aims to increase the high school graduation rate to 90 percent by the year 2000. The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) reports three types of dropout rates: (1) event rates report the percentage of students who left high school without finishing work toward a diploma in a single year; (2) status rates report the percentage of the population of a given age range who have not finished high school or are not enr...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Age Differences; Dropout Rate; Dropouts; Educational Trends; Equal Education; Racial Differences; Rural Urban Differences; Secondary Education
|ERIC ED385573: An Initial Evaluation of the Use of Bivariate Matching in DIF Analyses for Formula Scored Tests. - ERIC|
This study evaluated the use of bivariate matching as a solution to the problem of studying differential item functioning (DIF) with formula scored tests. Using Scholastic Aptitude Test verbal data with large samples, both male/female and black/white group comparisons were investigated. Mantel-Haenszel (MH) delta-(D) DIF values and DIF category classifications based on bivariate matching were compared with MH D-DIF values and categories based on rights scored and formula scored matching criteria...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Blacks; Criteria; Females; Item Bias; Males; Racial Differences; Sample Size; Scoring; Scoring Formulas; Sex Differences; Test Items; Whites
|ERIC ED329876: Teenage Drug Use: Uncertain Linkages with Either Pregnancy or School Dropout. Report to the Chairman, Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control, House of Representatives. - ERIC|
The study reported in this document is a follow-up to earlier reviews of drugs and other youth problems. It addressed the current status of and the recent trends in teenage drug use, pregnancy, and dropping out of school, and the post-1987 research about the relationship between teenage drug use and either pregnancy or dropping out. Statistics from public and private agencies were evaluated to describe trends in basic rates of these behaviors...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Abortions; Adolescents; Comparative Analysis; Dropouts; Drug Use; Pregnancy; Racial Differences; Secondary Education; Trend Analysis; Youth Problems
|ERIC ED322849: FY 1988 Research Proposal and Award Activities by Predominantly Undergraduate Institutions. National Science Foundation Report 90-36. - ERIC|
The study compared proposal and award data on investigators from predominantly undergraduate institutions (PUIs) with that of non-PUI institutions, called "research competitive universities" (RCUs). A total of 21,040 research proposals from academic institutions, which were competitively reviewed and decided in Fiscal Year 1988 by the National Science Foundation's (NSF) five disciplinary research directorates, were analyzed...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Comparative Analysis; Grants; Higher Education; Racial Differences; Research Proposals; Research Universities; Researchers; Scientific Research; Sex Differences; Undergraduate Study
|ERIC ED352594: Testing a Theoretical Model of Adolescent Worries. - ERIC|
Adolescence is characterized by a set of dramatic physical, cognitive, and psychological changes which affect the developmental process in many ways. This study sought to develop and test the adequacy of a theoretical model of adolescent worry and to determine whether there is a relationship between adolescent demographic characteristics and the proposed model of adolescent worry. Subjects (N=605) were adolescents from two distinct regions...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adolescents; Anxiety; High School Students; High Schools; Individual Characteristics; Racial Differences; Secondary Education; Secondary Schools; Sex Differences; Theories
|ERIC ED340466: Children's Self-Presentations with Infants: Age, Gender, and Race Comparisons. - ERIC|
This study examined gender and race differences in children's interactions with infants. Subjects were 53 black and white children between 8 and 10 years of age. An experimenter of the same race as the children presented them with a 6-week to 12-month-old infant of the same race. Children were photographed with the infant; while playing the role of the parent to the infant; and with a peer of the same race...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Age Differences; Blacks; Infants; Interpersonal Attraction; Parent Role; Peer Relationship; Preschool Children; Proximity; Racial Differences; Sex Differences; Whites
|ERIC ED337816: Follow Us into Our World: Feminist Scholarship on the Communication of Women of Color. - ERIC|
In the highly competitive, racist milieu of the academy, even feminist scholars, anxious to advance their own careers, can be lured into ethnocentric research practices that exploit, rather than honor or illumine, the communication of women of color. Before feminist scholars write about such communication, they should seek to answer questions that will enable them to write sensitively, thoughtfully, and respectfully...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Cultural Context; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Racial Differences; Research Methodology; Research Needs; Sex Differences
|ERIC ED326701: Employment Retention: Lessons from Ohio. - ERIC|
This paper presents data derived from the mandatory follow-up evaluation of Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) participants for the 13-week period following termination. Data cover the first three quarters of Program Year 89, that is, persons who terminated their involvement with JTPA between July 1, 1989 and April 30, 1990. It focuses on the Title IIA sample and encompasses interviews with 4,474 participants, 3,461 (77 percent) of whom had employment at some time in the 13 weeks following term...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Employment Programs; Federal Legislation; Fringe Benefits; Health Insurance; Persistence; Racial Differences; Sex Differences; State Programs; Vocational Followup
|ERIC ED353535: Race and Sex Differences in Medical Students' Experiences of Stress. - ERIC|
Previous research has shown that women and minority medical students experience stresses not observed in their white male peers. This study examined the combined effects of race and sex on the stress manifested in a diverse longitudinal sample of medical students from two medical schools. Students (N=259, an 82.7% response rate) in the first year classes completed questionnaires requesting demographic information, assessing personality characteristics, stress experienced, styles of coping and ad...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adjustment (to Environment); Coping; Higher Education; Medical Education; Medical Students; Personality Traits; Racial Differences; Sex Differences; Stress Variables
|ERIC ED385935: Intraschool Variation in Class Size: Patterns and Implications. Working Paper #344. - ERIC|
Economists attempting to explain the widening of the black-white wage gap in the late 1970s by differences in school quality have been faced with the problem that recent data reveal virtually no gap in the quality of schools attended by blacks and whites. This paper reexamines racial differences in school quality. It begins by considering the effects of using the pupil-teacher ratio, rather than the school's average class size, in an education-production function, because the pupil-teacher ratio...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Black Education; Class Size; Educational Quality; Elementary Secondary Education; Racial Differences; Teacher Distribution; Teacher Student Relationship
|ERIC ED334052: An Assessment of the Needs of Alaska Residents Who Are Disabled. - ERIC|
A telephone survey of 4,364 randomly selected households in Alaska aimed at assessing the needs of disabled persons who were not institutionalized. In households that where found to have a disabled member, 514 interviews were conducted with the disabled person or a representative. The survey provided information on: (1) an estimated 22,220 persons with selected disabilities (most frequently reported included nonneuromuscular mobility impairments, arthritis, hearing impairments, and learning disa...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Assistive Devices (for Disabled); Differences; Disabilities; Incidence; Independent Living; Needs Assessment; Racial Differences; Regional Characteristics; Rural Urban Differences
|ERIC ED312347: Retention Patterns in the Los Angeles Unified School District, 1982-83. Publication No. 441. - ERIC|
This report provides information on the number and percentage of students retained in grade during the 1982-83 school term in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Data were analyzed from reports filed by all principals and from the LAUSD Racial and Ethnic Survey, Fall 1982. Children's centers, adult schools, occupational centers, and development centers for the handicapped were not included...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Failure; Age Differences; Elementary Secondary Education; Grade Repetition; Racial Differences; School Statistics; Sex Differences; Urban Schools
|ERIC ED383986: Selected Indicators of Adolescent Suicide in High School Students: Results of the 1993 North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey. - ERIC|
Results of a survey show that high school students in North Carolina think about, attempt, and are injured as the result of a suicide attempt with alarming frequency. This report summarizes suicide-related data from the North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey (1993). Younger students are more at risk of suicide than older students; more than one in five ninth graders made a plan to commit suicide...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adolescents; High Schools; Racial Differences; Secondary School Students; Self Injurious Behavior; Sex Differences; Statistical Surveys; Suicide; Youth Problems
|ERIC ED389537: A Reaction to Fairness in Dealing: Diversity, Psychology and Mathematics Education. - ERIC|
This paper is a reaction to a plenary address, "Fairness in Dealing: Diversity, Psychology, and Mathematics Education" by Suzanne Damarin (SE 057 179). Discussed are the importance of language in the repackaging of equity into the construct of fairness in dealing, the role of liberal feminism, race and ethnicity, physically structured marginalization, exclusion of class, victory of equal ability/attainment, and voice in the mathematics classroom...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Educational Research; Elementary Secondary Education; Equal Education; Ethnicity; Feminism; Learning Theories; Mathematics Education; Racial Differences; Sex Differences
|ERIC ED364895: Into Action: Reading Black and White Styles in the Composition Classroom. - ERIC|
Two graduate students teaching a required first-year composition course at the University of Arizona designed a classroom environment in which they could explore with students the invisible rules governing black and white people's notions of what constitutes "appropriate" communication. In many ways, their efforts at this large, public university with a predominantly white, affluent student population were disappointing...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Classroom Environment; Course Descriptions; Freshman Composition; Higher Education; Racial Differences; Teaching Methods; Undergraduate Students; Writing Improvement
|ERIC ED384657: Constructed Response and Differential Item Functioning: A Pragmatic Approach. - ERIC|
Differential item functioning (DIF) assessment attempts to identify items or item types for which subpopulations of examinees exhibit performance differentials that are not consistent with the performance differentials typically seen for those subpopulations on collections of items that purport to measure a common construct. DIF assessment requires a rule for scoring items and a matching variable on which different subpopulations can be viewed as comparable for purposes of assessing their perfor...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Computer Assisted Testing; Constructed Response; Educational Assessment; Item Bias; Performance; Racial Differences; Scoring; Test Construction; Test Items
|The Rise And Fall Of The Flynn Effect As A Reason To Expect A Narrowing Of The Black White IQ Gap - Rushton, J. Philippe & Arthur R. Jensen.|
The Rise And Fall Of The Flynn Effect As A Reason To Expect A Narrowing Of The Black White IQ Gap - race and intelligence. Rushton, J. Philippe & Arthur R. Jensen.
Keywords: black; white; IQ; intelligence; Flynn effect; intelligence testing; cognitive psychology; Rushton; Jensen; racial differences in intelligence; Bell Curve; IQ Test
|ERIC ED374898: Infant Mortality: District Profiles for the Congressional Black Caucus, 102nd Congress. Report for the Congressional Black Caucus. - ERIC|
This report provides an overview of infant mortality rates in congressional districts represented by members of the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC). The 1989 or 1990 mortality rates for Blacks and Whites for the 25 districts represented by CBC members are presented, as well as rates for the overall population. An appendix provides data on Black, White, and overall mortality rates in the United States from 1970 through 1989, and infant mortality, low birth weight, and prenatal care by race and s...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Birth Weight; Blacks; Child Health; Demography; Infant Mortality; Mortality Rate; Prenatal Care; Profiles; Racial Differences; Whites
|ERIC ED316769: Violence against Women: Racial Differences in Childhood Sexual Experiences and Wife Abuse. - ERIC|
Two studies examined racial differences in regard to childhood sexual experiences and the proportion of wife abuse reported by black and white women. The first study examined the childhood sexual experiences of women (N=501) and the relationship of these experiences to their adult functioning. A majority of women (55%) reported having some type of sexual experience by the age of 14; 24 percent had such experiences with relatives, but when the dictionary definition of incest as sexual intercourse...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Battered Women; Blacks; Children; Family Violence; Incest; Racial Differences; Sexuality; Social Work; Victims of Crime; Whites
|The Bell Curve Abridged Audiobook (charles Murray)|
The Bell Curve Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life abridged audiobook by Charles Murray and Richard Herrnstein on race and intelligence. The book itself: Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (A Free Press Paperbacks Book)
Keywords: The Bell Curve; Intelligence; Class Structure; American; audiobook; Charles Murray; Richard Herrnstein; racial differences; IQ tests; race; psychometric
|ERIC ED303533: Race and Geographical Mobility in the United States, 1940-1980. - ERIC|
Disparities in rates of mobility among groups in the population have long been of interest as indicators of potential differences in access to economic and social opportunities. Racial differentials in mobility within the United States are seen as evidence of the lack of assimilation of blacks into the American mainstream. This paper tests for a convergence over time in racial differentials in local residential mobility and migration...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Age Differences; Blacks; Demography; Educational Background; Migrants; Migration; Migration Patterns; Minority Groups; Opportunities; Place of Residence; Population Distribution; Racial Differences; Residential Patterns; Statistical Analysis; Whites
|ERIC ED336247: Extracurricular Participation and Achievement: School Size as Possible Mediator of SES Influence among Individual Students. - ERIC|
Studies in New Jersey and California suggest that smaller schools or school districts produce higher aggregate achievement than larger schools or districts, especially in low socioeconomic status (SES) communities. Other studies have found that smaller schools have higher rates of student participation in extracurricular activities, and that participation has a positive effect on student outcomes. This paper examines a model in which school size regulates the direct effect of SES on individual a...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Correlation; Extracurricular Activities; High School Students; High Schools; Racial Differences; School Size; Sex Differences; Small Schools; Socioeconomic Status; Student Participation
|ERIC ED312584: Size, Composition and Utility of Support Networks for Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents. - ERIC|
The normative transition from adolescent to adult is interrupted by adolescent motherhood. Many argue that obstacles presented by adolescent motherhood can be overcome with support of family, friends, and the baby's father. To examine the size of social networks and the perceived and actual support derived from such networks, data were obtained from 177 black and white females adolescents who were either pregnant or first time mothers enrolled in one of seven educational support programs for new...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adolescents; Comparative Analysis; Early Parenthood; Family Relationship; Females; Mothers; Peer Relationship; Pregnancy; Racial Differences; Social Networks; Social Support Groups
|ERIC ED304304: The Influence of Race, Class and Gender on Mathematics Achievement and Self-Esteem for Fifth, Eighth and Eleventh Grade Students in Pennsylvania Schools. - ERIC|
This integrative study of student socioeconomic status (SES), race and gender focused on mathematics achievement and self-esteem in the school context. Data for the study were derived from the Pennsylvania Educational Quality Assessment Program for the years 1981 through 1984. Analyses were conducted at the fifth, eighth, and eleventh grade levels. Replicable achievement differences in mathematics were observed across grade levels for student SES and race, but not for gender...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Educational Assessment; Elementary School Mathematics; Elementary Secondary Education; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Education; Racial Differences; Secondary School Mathematics; Self Esteem; Sex Differences; Socioeconomic Influences; Socioeconomic Status
|ERIC ED348197: American Indians and Alaska Natives in Higher Education: Research on Participation and Graduation. ERIC Digest. - ERIC|
Achieving equity in the number of American Indian and Alaskan Native students who enter college and subsequently graduate is important to Natives and to the nation as a whole. Based on institutional data and demographic data, state equity scores for enrollment (ESEs) and state equity scores for graduation (ESGs) were computed for seven states with relatively large Native populations. The findings indicate that, in general, the number of Native students enrolled in four-year institutions needs to...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Alaska Natives; American Indians; College Attendance; College Graduates; Educational Attainment; Equal Education; Faculty Advisers; Higher Education; Longitudinal Studies; Measurement; Racial Differences; School Holding Power; Secondary Education
|ERIC ED359381: Barriers to Women Entering the Workforce: Math Anxiety. Research Bulletin No. 3. - ERIC|
One of four research projects designed to examine barriers to the entrance of women into the workforce, the study described in this bulletin examined the feelings of math in students in single parent and nontraditional career preparation programs in relation to selected demographic characteristics. Survey instruments consisting of a brief math test (to evoke feelings of math anxiety in students prone to them) and an attitude scale were administered to 1,152 students in vocational-technical and c...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Change Strategies; Demography; Ethnic Groups; Females; High School Students; High Schools; Mathematics Anxiety; Racial Differences; Sex Differences; State Surveys; Student Attitudes; Vocational Education
|ERIC ED327806: Race Differences in Self-Perception and Locus of Control during Adolescence and Early Adulthood. - ERIC|
Data from a longitudinal sample of 14,721 White (7,193 male, 7,528 female) and 5,197 Black (2,400 male, 2,797 female) respondents tested first between ages 16 and 19 and in two follow-ups were explored in relation to Black-White, male-female differences in self-esteem and causal orientations. On general self-esteem scores, Blacks rated themselves more positively than did Whites. Blacks also rated themselves more positively on specific self-beliefs, (e.g., social attractiveness), although the mag...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adolescents; Attribution Theory; Blacks; High School Students; High Schools; Locus of Control; Longitudinal Studies; Racial Differences; Self Efficacy; Self Esteem; Sex Differences; Whites; Young Adults
|ERIC ED388744: Preliminary Estimates from the 1994 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Advance Report Number 10. - ERIC|
This report presents the first results from the 1994 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, showing trends since the 1970s and providing information to identify population groups for which prevention and treatment interventions could have greatest impact. These preliminary results indicate that the number of illicit drug users has not changed since 1992, a leveling that follows more than a decade of decline from the 1979 high...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cocaine; Data Collection; Drinking; Drug Abuse; Drug Education; Estimation (Mathematics); Illegal Drug Use; Marijuana; Minority Groups; National Surveys; Prevention; Racial Differences; Trend Analysis
|ERIC ED310206: Health Education and Promotion for Minorities, No. 88-20. Current Bibliographies in Medicine. - ERIC|
There continues to be a significant disparity between the health status of minorities and nonminorities despite the improved health status of Americans in general. This bibliography contains 381 citations to information published between January 1983 and December 1988 concerning the following aspects of minority health: (1) health education; (2) health promotion; (3) attitudes towards health; and (4) availability of health services...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; American Indians; Asian Americans; Blacks; Health Education; Health Materials; Health Needs; Health Promotion; Health Services; Hispanic Americans; Minority Groups; Public Health; Racial Differences; Special Health Problems